The Battle of Trenton was a battle which took place on December 26, 1776, during the American Revolutionary War after Washington's crossing of the Delaware River. General George Washington led the main Continental Army across the river to surprise and virtually eliminate the Hessian garrison at Trenton, New Jersey. This overwhelming victory helped to preserve the Continental Army and set the stage for the Battle of Princeton the following week.
Trenton was occupied by three regiments of Hessian soldiers commanded by Colonel Johann Rall for a total of about 1,400 men. Washington's force of about 2,400 attacked in two columns
It is said that the Hessians were drunk from celebrating Christmas, so they were not prepared for battle, but this idea is most likely not true. The American victory was aided by John Honeyman, a spy enlisted by Washington, who gathered intelligence in Trenton and misled the Hessian defenders. He was responsible for estimating the strength of the Hessian defenders...
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According to state archive in Marburg / Lahn Johann Conrad Dietz with the regiment Knyphausen left the garrison town nanny goat grove / Hessen on March 3,1776 in the direction of Bremen to the embarkation to America. Ships arrived on August 15th in Staten Island. The regiment took part in the battle of Flatbush, in the battle of White Plains, the conquest of Fort Washington, and the Battle of Trenton. In Trenton, the regiment had 333 men and 5 women taken into captivity. Among these prisoners was our forfather, Johann Conrad Dietz. He is put down as arrested in the documents of the state archive. The soldiers were in Lancaster in captivity, ill and woundeed lay in Philadelphia and Newton.
The Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel (German: Landgrafschaft Hessen-Kassel) or Hesse-Cassel was a Reichsfrei principality of the Holy Roman Empire that came into existence when the Landgraviate of Hesse was divided in 1567 upon the death of Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse. His eldest son William IV inherited the northern half and the capital of Kassel. The other sons received the Landgraviate of Hesse-Marburg, the Landgraviate of Hesse-Rheinfels and the Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt.
The Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel was elevated to the Electorate of Hesse (Kurfürstentum Hessen, or Kurhessen) in 1803. It was then annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia in 1866 after the Austro-Prussian War and subsequently became the Province of Hesse-Nassau.
See Web Site: http://genforum.genealogy.com/queenanneswar/messages/8.html
Hesse-Kassel sent 15 Infantry regiments, each consisting of 5 companies. The strength was 650 officers and men. Also sent were 4 Grenadier Battalions, 2 Jager companies and 2 Field Artillery Companies. Regiments were often named after their "Chef", but not always. Thus you will find references to the von Knyphausen Regiment (named after Baron Wilhelm von Knyphausen) or the Mirbach Regiment (named after Major-General von Mirbach). Each regiment, when stationed in Germany, was located in its garrison town. For example, the garrison town of the von Knyphausen regiment was Ziegenhain. This can be important for genealogical research, as the church records for the garrison town could contain information on your ancestor.
The Hesse-Kassel forces spent most of their time in the 13 Colonies. They arrived in New York in August 1776 and departed in August 1783. They participated in every major battle of the war, including...
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Hessen-Kassel Fusilier Regiment 'v.Knyphausen ' Trenton 1776